Tourist Places in India offers complete information on the National park of Sunderban, the fast facts on Sunderban National Park, the history of National park of Sunderban, the best season to visit Sunderban, climate in Sunderban and clothes to be worn in the National park of Sunderban
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Travel to Sunderban

Lying towards the southeast of Kolkata in the South 24 Parganas district of West Bengal, the Sunderbans National Park is part of the world�s largest delta formed by the rivers Ganges and the lower Brahmaputra. The land where the elusive Royal Bengal Tiger reigns supreme, Sunderbans is the largest estuarine sanctuary in the world, and is home to numerous endemic as well as endangered species of wildlife. Learn more about this natural paradise in before you plan to travel to Sunderbans. Sprawled over a total area of 9630 sq. kms, the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve in West Bengal features a vast tract of forest and saltwater swamp stretching for about 160 miles along the Bay of Bengal. With a network of estuaries, tidal rivers, and creeks crisscrossed by many channels, and flat, marshy islands covered with thick forests, the Sunderbans is the only ecological habitat of the tiger of its kind not only in India, but also in the world except in Bangladesh.

Fast Facts

Total area 2,585 sq km
Core area 1,330 sq km
Established 1973
Tiger reserve status 1978
National Park status 1984
Nearest railway station Port Canning, West Bengal, India
Nearest airport Netaji Subhash International Airport, Kolkata, India
Avg. Summer Temperatures 36.5�C-41.2�C
Avg. Winter Temperatures 9.2�C-29.3�C
Annual Rainfall 1640-2000 mm
Best time to visit September to March
Local Languages Bengali, Hindi and English

General information about Sunderban:
Created in 1973, the Sunderban Tiger Reserve covers an area of 2585 sq. km, out of which the total land area is about 1600 sq. km. and water body over 985 sq. km. Within this area, 1330 sq. km. forms the core area, which was declared a National Park in 1984.

The Sajnekhali Wildlife sanctuary was created in 1976 within the buffer zone of the Sunderbans National park. This sanctuary covers an area of about 362 sq. km. The whole of the Sunderbans area was declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1989.

Major Flora in the Sunderbans:
Named after the Sundari trees which grow in abundance in the region, the Sunderbans Tiger Reserve grows a wide variety of trees that typically thrive in estuarine conditions of high salinity, minimal soil erosion and regular inundation by high tides. The main forest types found in the region include tidal swamp forests, saline water type mixed forests, brackish water type mixed forests and palm swamp type forests. Out of the near-64 plant species in Sunderbans, the main species include Excaecaria , Heritiera , Ceriops , Phoenix , Sonneratia , Avicennia , Rhizophora, Xylocarpus and Bruguiera .

Wildlife in the Sunderbans:
The tidal rivers and mangrove forests of the Sunderbans National Pak provide refuge to numerous aquatic and semi-aquatic animals that thrive in tidal swamp areas. The forests are home to a wide variety of wild animals including spotted deer, monkeys, wild pigs, herons, white bellied eagles, kingfishers and the Royal Bengal Tiger. The tigers of Sunderbans are known to be mostly man-eaters. Some of the endangered wildlife species that inhabit the Sunderbans area include Estuarine Crocodile, River Terrapin (Batagur baska), Olive Ridley Turtle, Gangetic Dolphin, Ground Turtle, Hawks Bill Turtle, King Crabs (Horse shoe). A number of Trans-Himalayan migratory birds also seek refuge in the Sunderbans.

Accommodation, Climate and Clothing:
There is no dearth of hotels, wildlife resorts, forest lodges and jungle camps within and outside the vicinity of the Sunderbans Wildlife Sanctuary. These resorts provide tourists with comfortable and luxurious retreat amid the dense forests of the region. The climate in the Sunderbans region features hot and humid summers and cool winters. The months between June and September receive heavy rainfall and constitute the monsoon season. Light cotton clothes are ideal throughout the year, but you must carry a pair of sturdy boots for a travel to Sunderbans. offers online information on travel to Sunderbans Tiger Reserve in West Bengal, West Bengal Tour Packages and tourist attractions in other parts of India.

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