A tall creature by all standards, the elephant with its mammoth figure, large tusks and a casual gait are the cynosure of all eyes and is regarded as one o the most exotic species still walking the earth.. Always known to be the carrier of the royal figures, this beautiful animal is known for its magnificence and beauty. The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of the species of Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) and could be anywhere between 2.4 meters to 3 meters in height may weigh anywhere from 3,600 kg to 5,000 kg.
The Indian elephant is perhaps the most unrivalled species that has been the ultimate mode for exploring the wilderness. Making its way through the difficult terrain, this creature is one of the most beautiful of all the wildlife animals in India. Among the two elephant species that survive today, there is only African elephant and the Asian or the Indian elephant. The elephants can consume upto 200 kg of green fodder in order to survive. It is sad to note that the Indian elephant has become an endangered species owing to incessant poaching and also due to their dwindling habitats.
The elephants move in herd of 3 to 10 and they are rather characterized by a matriarchal society. There are 2-3 mature cows, calves and sub-adults that move together in a group searching for food. In order to protect these against inbreeding, the adult males are separated from the herd. The birth rate in the elephants is quite low owing to the long gestation period that may last from 19 to 21 months. The Indian Elephant has a life expectancy of 70 to 80 years, and they are adaptable creatures that adjust to varied living conditions.
Elephants feed on barks, roots, fruit and grasses. The elephant population is now component of the Elephant Project, a nation wide conservation effort to protect these lumbering beasts from extinction. The Indian elephant can best be viewed in the Manas, Corbett, Dalma and Palamu, Bandipur and Nagarhole, Periyar and Madumalai as these are their natural habitats.
Elephant Safari in India is very much in demand and so also the concern for this lumbering creature. So get ready to catch a glimpse of this splendid animal and also to witness the charm of the wilderness on the wildlife tours.
Find more about the Indian Elephant on the site touristplacesinindia.com.