While talking about Kushinagar, it is important to say that this small town is famous as the place, where Lord Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana. The serenity and the beauty of this pilgrimage site attract visitors from all parts of the world. This place holds an identity and significance as one of the most holy sites for the Buddhists.
Kushinagar is situated in Uttar Pradesh and is easily accessible from all the major cities of Uttar Pradesh, primarily, Gorakhpur. Kushinagar is spread over an area of 6 sq km at an altitude of 400 m above sea level by the bank of river Hiranyavati. While talking about Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh it is also important to mention the population, which figures around 44,357. Before going on a tour to Kushinagar it is good for the tourists to know about the languages that are spoken here. Hindi and English are the two languages in which people here generally communicate among each other and the tourists.
Every tourist should note that the months from October to April are the best time to visit this place. Kushinagar experiences hot and humid climate during the summers when the temperature fluctuates between 40-45�C. During the winters, weather is mild and minimum temperature in the winter months go down to around 5�C. Monsoon starts in June and continues till September.
While talking about Kushinagar, it is important to mention about the history of the place. Kasia or Kusinara is the name by which Kushinagar was referred to as in the past. Kushinagar was the center of the Malla kingdom.
Tales of the place also marks that Ashoka, the famous Mauryan emperor added to the beauty and the grandeur of this place by setting the famous statue of Buddha which has been carved on a single piece of red sandstone. There are a number of stupas and viharas present in this town which date back to 230 BC-AD 413. Though the place lost its importance and identity as a town with the fall of the empire, but regained a new identity as an important pilgrim after Lord Alexander Cunningham excavated some remnants of Matha Kua and Ramabhar stupa, which draws a direct link to Lord Buddha and his life.
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Best Season, Climate, and Clothing
Like other places in the Gangetic plain, the climate of Kushinagar is hot and humid in the summers (mid-April-mid-September) with maximum temperature touching 40-45�C. Winters are mild and minimum temperature in December can go down to around 5�C. Monsoon reaches this region in June and remains here till September.