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The "Queen of the Arabian Sea"� Cochin is indisputably the most visited among the tourist destinations of Kerala and is an impressive fusion of old world charm and rapid modernization. On your tour to Cochin (Kochi), you will be captivated to witness its 16th century features with narrow, zigzag, canal-lined streets, centuries old Portuguese houses, cantilevered Chinese fishing nets and a 16th century synagogue surrounded by Jew Town. The prominent highlights of this town include Fort Cochin, Dutch Palace, Mattancherry, St. Francis Church, Fort Cochin, Willington Island and Kathakali Centers.
Facts & Figures of Cochin:
Area : 94.88 sq kms
Languages : Malayalam and English
Best time to visit : December to February
STD code : 0484
Location of Cochin:
This charming town is located at 9�57' N Latitude and 76�15' E Longitude. It is picturesquely snuggled between Tripunithura, the center of the former Cochin royalty to its southeast and the Eloor-Kalamassery industrial region to its north. It lies on the western part of India with a long stretch of the Arabian Sea.
Climate of Cochin
Since Cochin is located close to the equator, the level of humidity is sometimes too high and most of the times remain moderate. Yearly temperatures range from 20 to 35 �C with mercury touching as high as 34 �C (96 �F), and a low of 17 �C (63 �F). The South-west monsoon brings in heavy rains from June to September as it lies on the windward side of the Western Ghats. Kochi receives light rain from October to December, from the northwest monsoon.
History of Cochin:
Cochin may be said to have originated as a significant port in 1341 AD when the flooded Periyar River ruined a globally-renowned port, Kodungallur, located to the north of Cochin and formed an all-new harbor in Cochin, which is today one of the most excellent natural harbors. The trade links of Cochin with the Chinese and the Arabs is said to be around 2000 years old. The seeds of Christianity were sown in this city by Apostle Thomas, who is said to have come to India in AD 54 to spread the Gospel according to the beliefs and evidences. There are also facts indicating to the presence of Jews in the area since at least AD 388.
The Portuguese broke through the Indian Ocean in the late 15th century with the Portuguese viceroy Afonso de Albuquerque building the first European fort in India in the year 1503. In 1635, the British settled here but were driven out by Dutch in 1663, under whom the town flourished as a vital trade center. The gallant prince of Mysore, Hyder Ali annexed Cochin in 1776, but was lost to the British by his son Tipu Sultan in 1791.
The present day town of Cochin, now called Kochi, is a popular tourist destination drawing a large number of tourists all the year round.
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