Geography of Goa



Goa - Location

Goa, the twenty fifth state in India also known as the “Pearl of the Orient” is a tourist paradise for its scenic beauty of its beaches, temples and churches. The state is situated between the 15°48’ and 14°53’ North latitudes and 74°20’ and 73°40’East longitude and it lies at an altitude of about 1022 m above the sea. The state covers a total of about 3702 square km with a coastline bordering the Arabian Sea of about 104 km. The state is rich in mineral resources and has a literacy rate of about 77%. We at Touristplacesinindia.com offers you complete information on all that you want to know about the Geography of Goa.

The Indian state of Goa is bordered by the Sindhudurg District of Maharashtra in the North, the Arabian Sea in the West, Karwar District of Karnataka in the South and Belgaum District of Karnataka in the East. The Western part of the State is bordered by the Sahayadri Mountain Ranges of the Western Ghats. The Highest Peak of these Mountain Ranges is Sonsogor with a height of about 3827 feet. The state is rich in forest and wild life with diverse species of flora and fauna residing in the forests. About 1424 square km of Goa is covered under forests which constitutes about one third of the total land area under forest. The two main rivers that bisect the topography of Goa are the Zuari, which is about 39 miles and Mandovi which is about 38.5 miles in length; both these rivers drain into the Arabian Sea. Other rivers that originate from the Sahayadri ranges and drains into the Arabian Sea are the Tiracol, Chapora, Sal and the Talpona. The State of Goa receives rainfall between the months of June and September due to the influence of South West Monsoon winds and so it is not advisable to visit Goa during this period. The people in the state speak English, Portuguese, Konkani, Hindi and Marathi.

The Geography of Goa is divided into two districts – North Goa and South Goa with headquarters at Panaji and Margao respectively and has its Capital at Panaji. The only civilian airport which caters the domestic and International air traffic is Dabolim near Vasco-da-Gama. Tourism, fisheries, mining and shipping are the major industries. Areca nut, Cashew, Coconut, Forest Produce, Rice, Millets and Sugarcane are main agricultural products found in this region. Hindus constitute about 64% of the total population followed by Christians and Muslims.

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